Optimization Model of the Shell Capsules Geometry for a System for Diagnosing Damage to Gas Turbine Blades in Non-stationary

Authors: Ivan K. Andrianov, Elena K. Chepurnova

Abstract: Scientific research is devoted to the problem of diagnosing damage in the blades of gas turbine engines in non-stationary conditions. The paper proposes a model for a more accurate calculation of the parameters of the crack detection system using a system of capsules, inside of which, under the influence of pressure, there is a substance exhibiting ionizing properties. In the study, the relations for determining the uneven pressure due to the action of centrifugal tensile forces during the rotation of the turbine blade are obtained. The relations for calculating the minimum required diameter of the capsule to ensure the rupture of the capsule when cracks are opened for the effective operation of the crack detection system are obtained. Calculations of the pressure inside the capsule and the geometry of the capsule at different speeds of rotation of the turbine blade are carried out. An estimate of the error in calculating the pressure inside the capsule is given in the case of not taking into account the action of centrifugal forces. The obtained dependences will significantly optimize the system for detecting damage to turbine blades, and increase the efficiency and safety of the operation of gas turbine engines.

Pages: 38-44

DOI: 10.46300/9104.2023.17.6

International Journal of Mechanics, E-ISSN: 1998-4448, Volume 17, 2023, Art. #6