Development of an Optoelectronic System for Recording and Processing Signals From Fiber-optic Sensors

Authors: Aliya Kalizhanova, Ainur Kozbakova, Murat Kunelbayev, Zhalau Aitkulov

Abstract: Natural disasters, in particular earthquakes, can damage bridges, tunnels, dams, high-rise buildings, railways, oil platforms, buildings, and pipelines with catastrophic humanitarian, social, economic, and environmental consequences. Thus, automatic assessment of damage to industrial and civil construction structures after an earthquake in real-time or on request is necessary for early emergency response, effective preparation of rescue plans, and mitigation of these catastrophic consequences. The article presents the use of a system of distributed fiber-optic sensors based on Bragg fiber arrays, which will allow periodic measurements and monitoring of the condition of structures, assessing trends in its technical condition and thereby facilitating the identification of possible threats. The given research presents assembling and testing optoelectronic systems to record and process signals from fiber-optic sensors. The main optoelectronic systems to record and process the signals from fiber-optic sensors are light source controllers and optical power detectors. There was an assembled controller diagram, which apart from the light source includes the current source for its adequate operation, as well as the systems necessary for stabilizing its working point. The scheme was modeled for specifying nominal and maximum operation criteria. Construction has been designed in a way, that the light source controller includes structures of the current regulation and stabilization SLED (super luminescent diode) and temperature stabilization. Apart from that, there was assembled the microsystem of the optical power detector additionally to the light detector, which includes the microsystems of intensification and filtration of the signal measured, processing analog data into digital form, and microcontroller, used for preliminary data analysis. Data of optoelectronic systems diagram to record and process the signals from fiber-optic sensors has high response speed, low noise level, and sufficient progress. type your abstract here.

Pages: 87-92

DOI: 10.46300/9104.2023.17.13

International Journal of Mechanics, E-ISSN: 1998-4448, Volume 17, 2023, Art. #13