Optimization of New Energy Vehicle Road Noise Problem Based on Finite Element Analysis Method

Author: Fujun Mao

Abstract: In the use of new energy vehicles, user experience has always been the key project of major manufacturers. At present, the research on user experience focuses on the posture performance of the vehicle itself, and less attention is paid to road noise. Therefore, this study takes the road noise problem of new energy vehicles as the object. The finite element analysis method is chosen for modeling. And the research on the optimization of road noise is carried out. After modeling, the correctness of the model was tested, and all four modes were controlled within the modal error range of 5%. When the new energy vehicle based on this model ran at 80 km/h, the peak road noise was reduced by about 11 dB(A). In addition, after optimizing the tire, the peak value decreased by 4 dB(A). After optimizing the transverse stinger of the rear suspension, the Z-bending mode was increased by 22.3 Hz. Compared with the previous basic scheme, the optimization effect was obvious. When the optimized new energy vehicle ran at a speed of 60 km/h, the peak value is reduced by about 5 dB(A) on the rough road with a frequency of 65 Hz. The results showed that, under the proposed method, the road noise problem was improved, the peak value of the problem was eliminated, and the expected acceptable range was reached.

Pages: 184-193

DOI: 10.46300/9106.2023.17.22

International Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, E-ISSN: 1998-4464, Volume 17, 2023, Art. #22