Blockchain-Based Medical Cyber Physical Systems with Decentralized Threshold signature Scheme

Authors: Xianfei Zhou, Hongfang Cheng, Min Li, Fulong Chen

Abstract: Medical cyber physical systems are information applications of medical industry.A lagrge amount of medical data is stored in MCPS,and there are many challenges in the secure store and data sharing.Using blockchain technology into medical Cyber Physical system has become popular.Blockchain has remarkable features such as tamper proof and privacy protection, and has the function of protecting data in the medical Cyber Physical system.In this paper,we propose a hybrid blockchain,which applied private blockchain and consortium blockchain, After the medical source data is hashed, a hash tree is generated and stored in the private chain of the hospital. The hospital server extracts information to build a new transaction on the consortium chain.the system ensure the secure storage and fast access of data.Still,a threshold signature system is proposed.Aiming at the situation that medical accidents are easy to occur in multidisciplinary joint consultation in the medical process, this paper proposes to use threshold signature for joint consultation.Using the security and tamper-proof of the threshold signature, when the consensus is reached,treatment can be carried out and the medical data is uploaded to the consortium blockchain. The security analysis and performance analysis show that the scheme has advantages in safety and performance and is suitable for the medical environment.

Pages: 57-66

DOI: 10.46300/9106.2023.17.7

International Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, E-ISSN: 1998-4464, Volume 17, 2023, Art. #7