Vehicular Communication using Balanced Centralized and Decentralized Cluster Heads

Author: Mahmoud Zaki Iskandarani

Abstract: A new approach to vehicular communication employing equal weights for distance and vehicular speed for centralized and decentralized communication is presented. The main objective of this work, which is to establish utilization expression and characteristics for an optimized balanced vehicular communication is achieved. The technique is based on analyzing effect of communication process (centralized, decentralized) on transmission efficiency and probability of failure. The analysis using utilization function, cluster head selection time, and end to end transmission time. The simulation and analysis concluded that the decentralization approach is more efficient compared to the centralized approach, so combination of both is proved to be effective. The work also uncovered the need for optimization of vehicular speed relative to transmission radius and use of zoning to effectively improve transmission efficiency. Mathematical models are presented that covers a critical relationship between probability of transmission failure, cluster head selection time and end to end delay. Also, an important mathematical expression that considers cluster head selection time and end to end delay and their effect on connection utilization is presented. The work proves that combined centralized and decentralized techniques using balanced weights approach is effective using dynamic weights selection algorithm that determines optimum weights for both used variables (distance, Vehicular speed).

Pages: 718-723

DOI: 10.46300/9106.2022.16.88

International Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, E-ISSN: 1998-4464, Volume 16, 2022, Art. #88