A Literature Review of Followership as Independent and Dependent Variables and the Meaning

Authors: Herdian Herdian, Ridwan Ridwan, Rias Tusianah, Usastiawaty CAS Isnaini, Sulpakar Sulpakar, M. Arifki Zainar, Sudjarwo Sudjarwo, Hasan Hariri, Albet Maydiantoro, Tubagus Ali Rachman Puja Kesuma, Achril Zalmansyah

Abstract: This article is a literature review. This study aims to critically as well as comprehensively analyze engagement as an independent (X) and dependent (Y) variable. There are 15 articles that were reviewed with quantitative criteria and influence. The outcomes of this investigation found that the average followership score in the role of the X variable was 0.3957, in the 3rd class interval, which was between 0.323 – 0.414 with a fairly low category. While the average follow-up score as the Y variable is 0.385833, which is in the 4th class interval, which is between 0.379 - 0.501 in the high category. Based on the findings, the authors conclude that (1) followers as variable X have characteristics that are proactive, critical of the situation that occurs in their organization, dare to express their views, and criticize the leadership for the good and success of the organization to which they are affiliated, scores that are in the low enough category range indicate to the reader that follower participation has not received attention from the leader to be given more space to contribute or because followers are generally the party being thought of, they think they don't need to think because someone has already thought about it, (2) follower, as a Y variable is characterized by that followers, are the party who thought so that he only needs to be obedient, committed, perform well so that the leader provides opportunities to continue to grow with his organization and continue to develop his competence to complete his duties through training designed by the leade.

Pages: 92-100

DOI: 10.46300/9109.2022.16.10

International Journal of Education and Information Technologies, E-ISSN: 2074-1316, Volume 16, 2022, Art. #10