Assessment of Occupational Exhaustion During the COVID 19 Period on Healthcare Professionals in the Rabat-sale-kenitra Region of Morocco

Authors: Kamar Tahiri, Zakaria Abidli, Abdeslam Amri, Abdelhamid Esserkassi, Zineb Hannoun, Joumana El Turk, Abdellatif Bour

Abstract: The novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in an overall increase in new cases of depression and burnout and exacerbation of existing mental health problems, with particular emotional and physical harm to healthcare workers. For this reason, the aim of this study is to assess occupational exhaustion and to determine its risk factors within this population during the period of COVID- 19. This is about a cross-sectional study that was conducted from March to June 2020. The target population was health professionals working in the various departments of COVID-19, in public hospitals in Rabat-Sale-Kenitra region of Morocco. To evaluate the burnout, we chose the French version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The average age of the participants was 42.8±7.4. The gender ratio was balanced at 1.1. Regarding professional status, 61% of the participants are nurses and 39% are doctors. The average professional seniority was 20±8.9 years. As shown in the figure below, the MBI revealed that: 80% (n=72) suffered from burnout, of which 49% (n=44) had a low level, 17% (n=15) had a moderate level and 14% (n=13) had a severe burnout. Unmarried status (Odds Ratio= 9.61; 95% IC= [0.19-2.13]; P-value=0.001); The protective measures unavailable to health professionals (Odds Ratio= 7.13; 95%IC=[2.32-21.89];P-value=0.001); dissatisfaction with the efforts made by the Ministry of Health to fight Covid-19 (Odds Ratio= 9.1; IC95%=[2.82-29.37]; P-value=0.001) are the most important risk factors. In light of these results, interventions to support the mental well-being of health care professionals during and after the COVID-19 period should be implemented immediate.

Pages: 90-95

DOI: 10.46300/91011.2022.16.11

International Journal of Biology and Biomedical Engineering, E-ISSN: 1998-4510, Volume 16, 2022, Art. #11