The Image Annotation Refinement in Embedding Feature Space based on Mutual Information

Authors: Wei Li, Haiyu Song, Hongda Zhang,Houjie Li, Pengjie Wang

Abstract: The ever-increasing size of images has made automatic image annotation one of the most important tasks in the fields of machine learning and computer vision. Despite continuous efforts in inventing new annotation algorithms and new models, results of the state-of-the-art image annotation methods are often unsatisfactory. In this paper, to further improve annotation refinement performance, a novel approach based on weighted mutual information to automatically refine the original annotations of images is proposed. Unlike the traditional refinement model using only visual feature, the proposed model use semantic embedding to properly map labels and visual features to a meaningful semantic space. To accurately measure the relevance between the particular image and its original annotations, the proposed model utilize all available information including image-to-image, label-to-label and image-to-label. Experimental results conducted on three typical datasets show not only the validity of the refinement, but also the superiority of the proposed algorithm over existing ones. The improvement largely benefits from our proposed mutual information method and utilizing all available information.

Pages: 191-201

DOI: 10.46300/9106.2022.16.23

International Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing, E-ISSN: 1998-4464, Volume 16, 2022, Art. #23